How to change text encoding on an output window for Visual Studio 2017 (microsoft.com)
It seems that the problem I am facing now is probably not a problem with font settings.
I copied the text in the Window and pasted it into Notepad, but the character encoding itself was already wrong.
dotnet: .NET ���� Microsoft (R) Build Engine �o�[�W���� 16.7.2+b60ddb6f4
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.All rights reserved.
So I did a search and found the following information, which I believe is the same cause.
I have also experienced that the default character encoding on Windows for Japanese OS is S-JIS, not UTF-8, so if it is run as a console application, the resulting character encoding must be decoded as S-JIS or the character encoding will be destroyed.